BAMS or Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery is the name given to the Indian medical degree programme, conferred to the students having taken up the study of modern medicines and the traditional Indian treasure of the science of Ayurveda.
Ayurveda is among the ancient medical systems of the world, whose origin dates back to the Vedic period. It is renowned for its natural elements in the medicines to help not just but also prevent the frequency with which diseases take place in the human body.
The Ayurvedic medicine system is a reliable method to cure, prevent the ailments as well as rejuvenate the bodily senses employing 100% natural means and thus, does take longer than the other treatments such as allopathic for instance. However, once completely treated and cured, it often aids in sustaining the health and immunity of the body way better as compared to other systems. It is a holistic concept comprising of purification of the body toxins, relieving of stress and worries, removal of impurities, reducing the symptoms, eliminating the root cause completely, increasing the body’s resistance level as well as the overall harmony of life.
Ayurveda has primarily accorded only three dysfunctions in the human body namely, Kapha, Pitta and Vata, recognised as dosha, meaning phlegm (water & earth), bile (fire & water) and Wind (air & space) respectively. So, Ayurveda basically works towards retaining the adequate balance between these three to preserve the natural health of the human body.
Educational Qualification Required-
BAMS is a degree course in the medicine system, which is accorded on the successful completion of a 5 years and 6 months degree programme which breaks into 4 and ½ years of academic session and one year of internship programme of practical experience with patients.
To be eligible for admission in the course, one needs to have the major subjects as physics, chemistry and biology in the 12th class and qualify the 10+2 with a reasonably good score of a 60% aggregate in finals. The selection criteria include the final merit as the sum total of both the marks obtained in 10+2 as well as the entrance examination. We have the following entrance examinations for BAMS in the country:
- NEET 2017
- UP-CPAT 2017
- KLEU AIET – KLE University
- AP EAMCET – Andhra Pradesh Engineering, Agriculture and Medical Common Entrance Test
- Assam CEE – Assam Combined Entrance Examination
- TS EAMCET – Telangana Engineering, Agriculture and Medical Common Entrance Test
The course contains of modern anatomy, medicine principles, physiology, social & preventive medicines, forensic medicines, principle of surgery, toxicology, ENT, botany and pharmacology. Once a student graduates, he/ she becomes eligible to attach the title Vaidyar (Vr.) before their name, which is an equivalent of doctor for the degree.
Career Options Available-
There is wide range of career opportunities post the successful completion of the BAMS degree programme in the country as well as across the globe. While the common choice is to become a doctor in the ayurvedic field in a private of government hospital or to even start one’s own private ayurvedic medicine clinic, there are many new ideas opening up as well for BAMS students.
There are several organizations involved in the research, development and manufacturing of medicines in the Ayurveda system and thus, need the expertise and knowledge of the BAMS students with good score and practical capability. Many candidates are also seen either joining one or opening their own Ayurvedic spas or Ayurvedic Medical Store & Consultation Space aside from going the teaching route to find employment as professors in the subject in any government or private institutions in the country as well as abroad.
Broadly, the varied job profiles for a BAMS pass out comprise of Lecturer, Scientist, Researcher, Therapist, Business Development Officer or Domain manager, Sales representative, medical analyst, ayurvedic doctor, pharmacist or a health consultant/ expert among others.
Monetary Benefits Expected-
The monetary incentive is high in this medical field as well, maybe not as high as in other medical fields like MBBS but reasonably decent for a doctor or medical fresher. While some universities offer 40k-50k around to post-graduate doctors as researchers in the field, the other entry-level professionals in the domain get an average salary from 20K-50K, depending on the nature and level of expertise required for the said job profile.
The more popular employment areas for BAMS professionals include clinical trails, healthcare community, life science industries, pharmaceutical industries, healthcare IT, education, spa resort, nursing homes, panchkarma ashrams, colleges, dispensaries and research institutes etc.
Scope in Future Analysed-
Owing to rising popularity and realisation of the benefits coming from natural elements in the Ayurvedic medical system, there is ample scope for BAMS students in future in both India as well as other developed countries such as US and UK. While the traditional concepts of Ayurveda and Yoga etc. have been prevailing in different parts of the country for long, they are now also gaining momentum world over with more and more people taking this treasure to their own countries. Thus, there is tremendous career scope for the program and its knowledge and practical experience to be employed in varied relevant verticals in the future.
List: Top Colleges/ Universities in India offering the BAMS degree program:-
Some of the top institutions for BAMS degree program in the country include the following:
- A.V. Samiti’s Ayurveda Mahavidyalaya, Karnataka
- Acharya Deshabhushan Ayurvedic Medical College and Hospital, Karnataka
- Acharya Gyan Ayurved College, M.P.
- Aditya Ayurved College, Maharashtra
- Ahalia Ayurveda Medical College, Kerala
- Aligarh Unani and Ayurvedic Medical College, U.P.
Some of the popular books on Ayurveda for the BAMS students include the following:-
- Ayurved Sanjivani by Dr. Sanjay Patil
- A Textbook of Ayurvedic Physiology (Sharir Kriya Vijnana) by Prof. S.B. Kotur, Dr. Shashikala Kotur
- A Textbook on Salya Tantra by Rajneesh V. Giri
- Textbook of Rasa Sastra by K. Rama Chandra Reddy
- A comprehensive guide on Caraka Sahita by Vaidya Vasant Patil
- A Textbook on Kriya Sharira by Chaukhaba Sanskrit Pratisthan